The conflict in Sudan between the Sudanese Government and Southern Sudan People Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) was one of the longest (1983-2005) and most brutal in Africa’s history. It claimed the lives of about two million people and displaced more than four million others. The war caused immeasurable social, cultural and economic losses. Relative peace prevailed in South Sudan as a result of the negotiated settlement within the framework of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between the Sudan People Liberation Army (SPLA) and the Government of Sudan in 2005.
In January 2011, the people of South Sudan overwhelmingly voted to secede in a referendum exercise that culminated in the independence of South Sudan in July 2011. South Sudan, as the world newest state, lacks the capacity in almost all areas of governance including an ability to effectively ensure the rule of law or to provide basic services to most of its people. The country faces enormous challenges in meeting the expectations of its population and overcoming the legacy of conflict, which has left inter-communal tension as well as unresolved issues with its neighbour in the North.
Violence on both sides of the border displaced millions of people and continues to displace people. Instability in the region may expose returnees and IDP’s to further abuse. In our programs we therefore focus on IDP’s in camps, returnees and vulnerable and need host communities with special emphasis on women and youth, including combatants and the disabled. The extreme levels of poverty, instability and illiteracy are directly tackled by our specific programs:
Strengthening civil society organisations
As South Sudan progressively emerges from a solely humanitarian context to strengthened institutions, it becomes increasingly important to strengthen civil society organizations. They need to be able to articulate its strategic priorities, reflect the aspirations of its constituency and influence the state. However, extreme levels of poverty and illiteracy have equally affected the capacities for internal organization, strategic visioning and effectiveness. That is why capacity building of civil society organizations is one of the core businesses. We give for example trainings, workshops and couching for individual organizations and we organize organizations in program coalitions to achieve more together.
To attain stability we support organizations that develop peace building activities like mediation and integration of child soldiers and ex-combatants. We want to achieve long term rehabilitation and economic development. Therefore, we aim our efforts at organizations who improve production of small scale farmers and farmer groups for a better income and nutrition. Since the future of South Sudan is in hand of the youth, we think it is also important to develop de educational sector. We provide for example trainings for teachers, school management committees and education managers